Taco Bell, McDonald's, Burger King and other fast-food
restaurants have done it. Now it's time for other fast-food chains to do it.
And for Wal-Mart, Whole Foods and the other large supermarket chains to do it.
It's time for them to join the drive to guarantee decent
pay and decent working conditions to the highly exploited farmworkers who pick most
of the country's tomatoes.
The pickers work in the Immokalee area of southern
Florida. Most of them are undocumented Latinos who have had little choice but
to accept the truly miserable conditions imposed on them.
They work under the blazing sun in open-air sweatshops --
usually from sunrise to sunset --for up to seven days a week. During a typical
day, each of them picks, carries and unloads two tons of tomatoes. .
For all that, the pickers rarely get more than $10,000 a
year. They have no paid holidays or vacations, no overtime pay, no health
insurance, no sick leave, pensions or other benefits. No union rights.
Most of them are forced to live in crowded, dilapidated
trailers. that rent for as much as $50 per person per week. After paying their
rent and other expenses, they may net as little as $20 for a week of very hard
Some of the workers are held in virtual slavery by the
labor contractors who hire them for the tomato growers. The contractors make
deductions from the workers' wages for transportation, food, housing and other
services that can force them to turn over their entire paychecks and continue
working against their will until their debts to the labor contractors are paid
It's been like that for years. But finally a coalition of
workers, student, labor, community and religious activists, lawmakers and
others has mounted a nationwide drive aimed at raising the workers' pay and
improving their miserable working and living conditions.
They've been holding marches, rallies and other
demonstrations, petition drives, and arguing their case before legislative
committees. The coalition -- the Coalition of Immokalee Workers or CIW -- has
been scoring some important victories.
The first victory came in 2005 after a four-year-long
boycott against Taco Bell, which is owned by a corporation, Yum Brands, that
also owns Kentucky Fried Chicken, Pizza Hut, A & W, Long John Silver's and
All America Food Restaurants.
Yum Brands agreed to the CIW's demand that fast food
restaurants increase by a penny what they had been paying growers for a pound
of tomatoes and give the extra penny directly to workers. That would nearly
double their pay of just a little over one cent per pound picked -- a piece
rate that had not increased since the 1970s. That would add as much as $7,000 a
year to the average picker's pay -- enough to provide a living wage.
The coalition also won the right to monitor the payment
and treatment of workers, to investigate complaints about poor treatment, and
to confer with growers on improving conditions.
Last year, the CIW won a similar agreement from industry
leader McDonald's, just as it was about to carry out its threat to wage a
nationwide boycott of the chain.
Just this May, the world's second largest fast-food
chain, Burger King, came to terms. But reaching that agreement did take another
nationwide boycott. Burger King, with annual revenues of well over $2 billion,
held out for nearly a year.
Burger King didn't go down easily. It hired a private
security firm that specializes in union busting to secretly obtain information
about student and farm labor organizations that helped wage the boycott. The
corporation's vice president actually posted derogatory comments about the
coalition on You Tube and other internet outlets under an assumed name. Burger
King also tried to pressure McDonald's and Yum Brands to rescind their
agreements with the coalition.
But Burger King is singing a different tune now. The
corporation's CEO, John Chidsey, apologized "for any negative statements
about the CIW or its motives previously attributed to Burger King or its
employees and now realize that those statements were wrong."
What's more, Chidsey pledged that Burger King will now
work with the coalition "to further the common goal of improving Florida
tomato farm workers' wages, working conditions and lives" and to seek
"industry-wide, socially responsible change."
The CIW's Lucas Benitez also had something important to
say. Once, he noted, the tomato pickers were treated as "just another tool
and nothing more. But we aren't alone anymore. There are millions of consumers
with us, willing to use their buying power to eliminate the exploitation behind
the food they buy."
That's very likely to be proved once again at
supermarkets and other fast-food outlets that have yet to do what desperately
needs to be done.
Copyright (c) 2008 Dick Meister